Theodore Millon è mancato mercoledì 29 gennaio nella sua casa a Greenville Township, N.Y. Lo psicologo americano (85 anni) era stato un pioniere negli studi sui tratti di personalità e sui disturbi di personalità.
Theodore Millon, a psychologist whose theories helped define how scientists think about personality and its disorders, and who developed a widely used measure to analyze character traits, died on Wednesday at his home in Greenville Township, N.Y. He was 85. (New York Times)
Theodore Millon has written numerous popular works on personality, developed diagnostic questionnaire tools such as the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory, and contributed to the development of earlier versions of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.
Among other diagnoses, Millon advocated for an expanded version of passive aggressive personality disorder, which he termed ‘negativistic’ personality disorder and argued could be diagnosed by criteria such as “expresses envy and resentment toward those apparently more fortunate” and “claims to be luckless, ill-starred, and jinxed in life; personal content is more a matter of whining and grumbling than of feeling forlorn and despairing” (APA, 1991, R17). Passive-Aggressive Personality Disorder was expanded somewhat as an official diagnosis in the DSM-III-R but then relegated to the appendix of DSM-IV, tentatively renamed ‘Passive-Aggressive (Negativistic) Personality Disorder’. (Wikipedia)
Theodore Millon è l’inventore del Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III, uno strumento diagnostico per l’assessment della personalità:
Based on Theodore Millon, Ph.D., D.Sc.’s Evolutionary Theory of personality and psychopathology, the brief Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III (MCMI-III) instrument provides a measure of 24 personality disorders and clinical syndromes for adults undergoing psychological or psychiatric assessment or treatment. Specifically designed to help assess both Axis I and Axis II disorders, this psychological test assists clinicians in psychiatric diagnosis, developing a treatment approach that takes into account the patient’s personality style and coping behavior, and guiding treatment decisions based on the patient’s personality pattern. (PsychCentral)
Gli studi di Theodore Millon sui disturbi di personalità sono confluiti nella stesura del DSM3 e DSM IV, il Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, standard nel mondo occidentale per la diagnostica in psicologia clinica.